- Showing basis for approximate year of birth for individuals:
- Extensive use was made of census records and other records wherein an age at a specific event was recorded. I have made it a practice to record the age and the year of the event to show the basis for the approximate age given for that person. Therefore, whenever a person's birthdate is determined from an age given in connection with a specific event, the age and year of the event is recorded in the following manner:
- If a marriage was the event, then it would be recorded in this manner: "b 1864 (19-1883)," meaning that person was age 19 in that year, and you would expect that person was married in 1883.
- In some cases, an age may be determined by ages indicated in a probate record. Usually, children over the age of 14, but under the age 21 years, were allowed to choose their own guardian, while those under age 14 were assigned a guardian by the court. At times, their age on their birthday that year is given. These records would be recorded in the same way.
- If a census is the event, a person's approximate year of birth, etc., would be recorded as follows: "b 1825 (25- 1850)," meaning the person's age was given as age 25 in an 1850 census record. In the 1900 census, the month and year of birth is given, so it seemed unnecessary to record the person's age that year. When the census was before 1850, the ages were recorded for different age brackets. Example: If a person was between age 10 and 15 years of age in 1830, "(10-15, 1830)" would appear immediately following the approximated year of his/her birth. A person whose age was under 10 years in 1820 may have "(-10 1820)" following his/her approximated year of birth, and so forth.
In some census years, a person who was under age one year would have their age recorded in months. Also all ages were supposed to be as they were on June 1 of the census year. Example: 3/12 or 11/12. Usually the month that a child was born was called for on the record. In such cases, I have recorded the event as follows: "b Nov 1869 (age 8 mo 1870 b Nov)."
- Identifying families with detailed family listings:
- In each family listing, children are listed in chronological order, with an ordinal numeral to show first, second, etc., children. Just in front of the name, a plus sign (+) indicates that there is also a family listing for that person and his/her descendants.
- Hotlinks to subsequent family listings:
- When a person shown as a child also has his or her own family listed elsewhere in the book, besides the plus sign (+) before the name, you will note the name shows in a different color, normally blue, and is underlined. This is an indication that this is a "hotlink." You can click the left mouse button on the link, and it will jump directly to that listing. [The following example is not a hotlink, but they look just like this. ] Due to the complexity of setting hotlinks to jump back to the spot you came from, you normally will need to use the "Back" button of your browser to return to the place you jumped from. If you make several such jumps in succession, then it will take an equal number of clicks on the "Back" button to return to your initial place in the book. In some instances, where the hotlink takes you to a different webpage entirely, we have set cross-reference "hotlinks" back, generally to the related listing. Where these occur, they will look like this example: "children listed under his (or her)
name." We also have included a reference to the referenced Part and Chapter number, in the case you are reading from a printout. This ensures that you will find the
cross-connections regardless of which webpage you start from.
- Use of capital letters for surnames:
- In the family listings, I have used capital letters for the SURNAMES, in line with common practice in genealogical listings. There is an example of this below.
- Use of bold type to highlight names of spouses:
- Within the family listings, I have put the first occurence of the names of the spouses of the descendants of Isaac Harris in bold type, as an aid to readers who are searching for the spousal family lines. You will note an example of this in the next section:
- Identifying family lines of cousins who intermarried:
- Among the descendants of Isaac Harris, there are several instances where cousins married one another. To clarify these situations, I have shown the family line of the spouses by indicating the generation steps from Isaac Harris by use of superscripts and parenthetical annotations. For example: "Wooten W. Hallford . . . married, second, Sarah M. Harris, daughter of William B. Harris 3 (Wooten2, Isaac1) December 25, 1884 . . ."
Here is a somewhat more complex example, from the same family listing: "Lucy Caroline HALFORD b 29 Jun 1841; m John Wesley
Cook5 b Jul 1847 IL, [s/o William Thomas
COOK4 (Frances Harris3, Wooten2, Isaac1) and Minerva RILEY]. . ."
Superscripts are used also at the beginning of each family listing to help users identify which family a particular descendant belongs with, as you see in the following example:
"Frances Harris3 (Wooten2,
Isaac1) was born June 14, 1793, in that section of Burke County, North Carolina, that became part of Rutherford County before 1796. She married Jonathan Alexander Cook on Decem~~ . . ."
- Finding your way through the book:
- Each part of this book begins with the known facts about one of the children of Isaac Harris. After the narrative, I have listed the currently known descendants of that child's line. Next comes the listing of the next generation's children, and so on down the line. This is where organization of the lists may seem confusing at first.
Each generation's children are listed in order of birth. The next family listed after the list of children will be the children of the first child in the list. The next family group will be that of the oldest child of the oldest child above, on down the line.
In each case, we follow the children of the children of the children, in birth order, before picking up with the next child of the prior listing. There are separate headings set for each child who has descendants of his or her own. Thus, the listings trace the descendants of the eldest, then the next in line, etc., until all descendants of that line are listed. Then it goes back to the second oldest, tracing all that child's generations, before reverting to the third oldest, etc. The pattern repeats in each generation.
That's why we have used the "hotlinks" described above as an aid in tracking an individual family through each part of the book. If the ancestor of interest to you happens to be the third or fourth child in the first generation, a mouse click will get you directly to the correct family listing. If we were to use a system of indenting each generation a few spaces, by the time you have scrolled down a few pages you would not be able to see the relationship between the indents any longer, anyway. So the approach of dividing the book into Parts, Chapters, and in some cases, subchapters, with numerous hotlinks, seems to be a better method. In some cases, where descendants of one line have intermarried with descendants of a different basic line, the hotlinks will jump to the entries in a different part.
If you end up losing place in the listings, you can simply scroll up to the top of the page, or down to the bottom, and use the navigation bars provided there to get back to the beginning of any specific part of the book. Or use the navigation bars to return to the Table of Contents.
Due to the large amount of information on descendants in some lines, this issue is simplified somewhat by dividing their Parts into Chapters, and, when there is extensive information, into Subchapters. However, within each part, chapter, and subchapter, organization of the data is the same as explained above.
You may also find the superscripts useful in keeping your place, or determining where you were on a page earlier, if you have moved around the page considerably, and want to get back where you started.
- Here is a brief glossary of abbreviations and terms used in
- ? = An underlined question mark, like this one, just means we don't know the name, whether a given name, a maiden surname, or surname of the person. It also can be used to indicate the date or place of an event is unknown. If you read this annotation as meaning the name, date, or place is "unknown," you've got the right meaning.
- (?) = A question mark inside a parentheses means that there is a question about the data; e.g., if names of children are not clearly associated with a particular date, or if there is some other question about the data. You generally can tell why there is a question from the context, but in some cases this entry just means the particular data is not absolutely certain.
You can read this annotation as meaning "I'm not
(quite) sure about this," or, "There's a question
- adm = Date of administration of a will, used where
no other proof of date of death is found.
- b = born
- bef = before
- bur = buried
- Cem. = Cemetery
- Co. = County
- d = died
- d/o = daughter of (usually set off in parentheses) [see also s/o = son of]
- (liv) = living or born after 1930
- lvd = lived in (usually used to show where a person or family lived at the time of a particular census enumeration; sometimes it just reflects location information provided by birth, marriage, or death records, family members, or other correspondents, if no census date is listed)
- m = married; m 1st = married first; m 2nd = married second, etc.
- nr = near
- ref = reference
- s/o = son of (usually set off in parentheses) [see also d/o = daughter of]
- Twp. = Township
- wid. = widow
- wp = will probated
- y,m,d = year, month, day, as in "(age 23y, 6mo, 23d)" when given to show age at death, or at time of marriage or a census enumeration, etc.
- browser = The software that brings information from the World Wide Web onto your computer screen. The most commonly used is Microsoft Internet Explorer (MSIE), Netscape is another major one, and there are several others, Mozilla, Opera, and LYNX for computers with no graphics. Pages in this book are optimized for display on MSIE and Netscape, including some older versions, e.g., 3.0 and up.
- Family History Library = the large library of the Genealogical Society of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints. The main library is to the west of Temple Square in Salt Lake City, Utah. Branch libraries are located throughout the world, usually a medium sized room in some of the larger LDS Church buildings, though some communities have a separate building to house their more extensive collections of genealogical materials. The local branch libraries are staffed by part-time volunteers. You can find where they are located and hours of operation on the LDS Church Genealogy website: http://www.familysearch.org/ [Click on the picture of the Family History Library to get detailed information. The link there takes you to: http://www.familysearch.org/Eng/Library/FHL/frameset_library.asp ] There is a tab at the top of the page you click to find the local branch library locations. It is labeled "Family History Centers." You can use the local centers free, though if you need to obtain microfilms from the collection in Salt Lake City, there is a nominal rental fee.
- hotlink = A blue or purple (usually) word or phrase that is underlined in the text to indicate that a mouse click on it will take you to the entry identified by the "tagged" text.
- HTML Tag = The "HypertText Markup Language" code that is used to make the text in the book display on your computer monitor. You don't need to worry about this, but if you want to see what it looks like, you can click on "View" at the top of your browser screen, then click on "Source Code" or "Source," depending on the browser, and a window will pop up and show you the HTML coded page. If it looks very confusing, just close the window! It works without you knowing how it works; just take it on faith!
- IGI = International Genealogical Index, a database found in the Family History Library at Salt Lake City, Utah. Primarily an index to the Genealogical Society's collection of paper records submitted by patrons.
- internet = a network of electronic connections throughout the world for sending and receiving electronic communications, e-mail, conducting research, etc.
- Pedigree Resource File = This is a collection of Family Group Sheets and Pedigree Charts submitted by individuals and made available for research on a large set of CD-ROMs. The data is primarily in the form of computerized "GEDCOM" files. The collection has grown to nearly 100 CD-ROMs, and continues to expand as more patrons submit their information. The CD-ROMs are available individually, or at slightly less cost per unit in sets. Some are sets of five, and some are larger. These are available at nominal cost from LDS Church Distribution centers, or directly from the Salt Lake City Distribution Center by telephone or internet order. The website for direct internet orders can be reached by clicking on the hotlink labeled "Order/Download Products" on the following page: http://www.familysearch.org/ You also can download the latest update of the outstanding genealogy software provided by them, Personal Ancestral File (PAF) at no cost, or you can purchase it the form of a CD with accompanying manuals, from the same site.
- World Wide Web = a common nickname for the internet.
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Research sources from county records are listed in